The structure of DNA explains which three major properties of genes? A) They contain information, direct the synthesis of proteins, and are contained in the cell nucleus. B) They contain nitrogenous bases, direct the synthesis of RNA, and are contained in the cell nucleus. C) They replicate exactly, are contained in the cell nucleus, and direct the synthesis of cellular proteins. D) They encode the organism’s phenotype, are passed on from one generation to the next, and contain nitrogenous bases. E) They contain information, replicate exactly, and can change to produce a mutation.