Some of Englehart”s competitors use LIFO inventory costing and some use FIFO. How can an…


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Accounting, Analysis, and Principles Englehart Company sells two types of pumps. One is large and is for commercial use. The other is smaller and is used in residential swimming pools. The following inventory data is available for the month of March. Units Price per Unit Total Residential Pumps Inventory at Feb. 28: 200 $400 $80,000 Purchases: 10-Mar 500 $450 $225,000 20-Mar 400 $475 $190,000 30-Mar 300 $500 $150,000 Sales: 15-Mar 500 $540 $270,000 25-Mar 400 $570 $228,000 Inventory at March 31: 500 Commercial Pumps Inventory at Feb. 28: 600 $800 $480,000 Purchases: 3-Mar 600 $900 $540,000 12-Mar 300 $950 $285,000 21-Mar 500 $1,000 $500,000 Sales: 18-Mar 900 $1,080 $972,000 29-Mar 600 $1,140 $684,000 Inventory at March 31: 500 Accounting (a) Assuming Englehart uses a periodic inventory system, determine the cost of inventory on hand at March 31 and the cost of goods sold for March under first-in, first-out (FIFO). (b) Assume Englehart uses dollar-value LIFO and one pool, consisting of the combination of residential and commercial pumps. Determine the cost of inventory on hand at March 31 and the cost of goods sold for March. Assume Englehart’s initial adoption of LIFO is on March 1. Use the double-extension method to determine the appropriate price indices. (Round the index to three decimal places.) Analysis (a) Assume you need to compute a current ratio for Englehart. Which inventory method (FIFO or dollar-value LIFO) do you think would give you a more meaningful current ratio? (b) Some of Englehart’s competitors use LIFO inventory costing and some use FIFO. How can an analyst compare the results of companies in an industry, when some use LIFO and others use FIFO? Principles Can companies change from one inventory accounting method to another? If a company changes to an inventory accounting method used by most of its competitors, what are the trade-offs in terms of the conceptual framework discussed in Chapter 2 of the text?

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