Select the term that best matches the following statement: An


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Select the term that best matches the following statement: An individual with two copies of the same allele. A. Phenotype B. Homozygote C. Genotype D. Heterozygote 2 points Question 2 Select the term that best matches the following statement: Type of allele that is hidden by a dominant allele. A. Gene B. Dominant C. Allele D. Recessive E. Locus 2 points Question 3 Select the term that best matches the following statement: An alternative form of a gene. A. Gene B. Dominant C. Allele D. Recessive E. Locus 2 points Question 4 Which of the following is vital to the production of gametes in eukaryotes? A. Mitosis B. Meiosis C. Metamorphosis D. All of these are important 2 points Question 5 _______________ is cell division in somatic cells and results in daughter cells that have the _________ number of chromosomes. A. Mitosis; diploid B. Mitosis; haploid C. Meiosis; diploid D. Meiosis; haploid 2 points Question 6 Each daughter cell produced during meiosis is haploid? True False 2 points Question 7 DNA is double stranded, is located in the nucleus, and is composed of the base pairs adenine, uracil, guanine, and cytosine. True False 2 points Question 8 Crossing over occurs during meiosis and mitosis. True False 2 points Question 9 Say seed color in squash is controlled by one gene with two alleles (Y = yellow seeds which is dominant to y = green seeds). If a homozygous yellow plant is crossed with a homozygous green plant, which of the following MUST be true? A. All of the offspring will be heterozygous B. All of the offspring will be green C. All of the offspring will be homozygous D. Any of the above are possible 2 points Question 10 If eye color in humans is controlled by one gene with two alleles (B = brown eyes which is dominant to b = blue eyes) and Jane has blue eyes, what must her genotype must be? A. bb B. BB C. Bb D. Any of the above are possible 2 points Question 11 Who put forth the idea of “particulate inheritance” after studying pea plants, which laid the groundwork for the field of genetics? A. Thomas Henry Huxley B. Gregor Mendel C. Alfred Russell Wallace D. Charles Lyell 2 points Question 12 What restricted population size in Malthus’s model? A. Social group size B. Resources C. Natural disasters D. Human life span 2 points Question 13 Differential success in individuals with features that allow them to compete well and have more offspring is called: A. Adaptation B. Reproduction C. Natural Selection D. Uniformitarianism 2 points Question 14 Lyell was a geologist who popularized James Hutton’s idea of uniformitarianism – the processes that shape the Earth today were also acting in the past and account for observed change over time. True False 2 points Question 15 Who described “complexity as being evidence of a creator?” A. Lamarck B. Linnaeus C. Darwin D. Paley 2 points Question 16 Messenger RNA (mRNA) always contains the exact same sequence of bases as the DNA from which it is being copied. True False 2 points Question 17 Transfer RNA (tRNA) is composed of a triplet of bases called a(n) _____________ which is found on one end of the molecule and a(n) ______________ on the other end of the molecule. A. Codon; anticodon B. Anticodon; polypeptide C. Anticodon; amino acid D. Polypeptide; amino acid 2 points Question 18 Charles Darwin identified the mechanism by which organisms adapt to their environments. What is the name of this mechanism? A. Natural Selection B. Genetic Drift C. Gene Flow D. Essentialism E. Evolution 2 points Question 19 Which of the following is NOT an example of selection? A. Increase in giraffe neck length due to the inheritance of acquired characteristics B. Domestication of Teosinte into modern day corn C. Variation in peppered moth coloration in response to fluctuations in pollution D. Shift in finch beak sizes in response to different types of food resources 2 points Question 20 If a giraffe spends its life stretching its neck and making it longer, this acquired characteristic will be passed al

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