Marks: 1 Juan cannot get his science project to work. In fact, it


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Marks: 1 Juan cannot get his science project to work. In fact, it seems to him that nothing he makes ever works properly. According to Erik Erikson, Juan is at risk for developing a sense of 1. Travis is 4-year-old adventurous and curious boy who likes to play in the backyard. Travis often comes up with different ideas to interact with nature, such as catch a bird with a butterfly net, make mud pies with his mother’s garden tools, etc. His parents encourage him to test out his ideas as long as they are not dangerous. Because his parents support his plans, he will probably grow up with: a. autonomy. b. initiative. c. industry. d. trust. 2. Blanche is 4 years old. What would Blanche MOST likely say if you asked her to describe who she is? a. “I am quiet, nice, and friendly.” b. “I have brown hair, and I have a bicycle.” c. “I like preschool, especially reading, and I am good in art.” d. “I am the daughter of Sam and Renee and the sister of William.” 3. Five-year old Joe is crying because his favorite aunt is moving away. His parents are in the kitchen arguing about how to respond to the situation. Joe’s father wants to tell him “big boys don’t cry.” Joe’s mother wants to tell him “it is okay to cry when you feel sad.” According to research, which response will be most helpful for Joe? a. Joe’s father’s response. b. Joe’s father’ response, but only because Joe is a boy. For girls, Joe’s mother’s response would be more helpful. c. Joe’s mother’s response. d. Joe’s mother’s response, but only because Joe is around preschool age. For older children, Joe’s father’s response would be more helpful. 4. In order for children to take effective moral action, they need to be able to __________ and __________. a. learn to identify others’ emotional states; anticipate what will improve others’ emotional states. b. learn to regulate their emotional states; teach other children to regulate their emotional states. c. overcome their innate desire to hurt others; learn to do things for the good of the group. d. deny their natural selfish tendencies; be concerned with the well-being of other people. 5. Jerome and Hani got up early on Saturday morning and decided to make “breakfast in bed” for their mother. While reaching for the bed tray in the back of the hall cabinet, they accidentally bumped and broke one of their mother’s favorite porcelain dolls. Jerome KNEW that he was going to get into “big trouble,” and he thought that he SHOULD get into big trouble. Hani told him not to worry because Mom would understand that it was an accident. In what stage would Jean Piaget categorize the moral reasoning, respectively, of Jerome and Hani? a. Jeromeautonomous morality; Haniheteronomous morality b. Jeromeheteronomous morality; Haniautonomous morality c. Jeromeuniversal law morality; Hanicontext-specific morality. d. Jeromecontext-specific morality; Haniuniversal law morality. 6. According to the social cognitive theory of gender, social influences on gender role development appear to operate mainly through: a. cognitive processes stimulated by other people. b. learning processes in the company of other people. c. biological processes stimulated by social interactions. d. a complex interaction of biological processes. 7. Which of the following statements is true concerning parenting practices and gender development? a. Fathers are more consistently given responsibility for the nurturance and physical care of their children. b. Mothers are more likely than fathers to engage in playful interactions with their children. c. Mothers are more likely than fathers to treat their sons and daughters differently. d. Fathers are more involved in socializing their sons than their daughters. 8. Research on peer pressure to conform to traditional gender roles suggests that: a. there is greater pressure for boys. b. there is greater pressure for girls. c. pressure to conform is equal for both boys and girls. d. neither boys nor girls are pressured by their peers to confor

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