Make corrections and adjustments to income statement and balance sheet Big Blue Rental Corp. provides rental agent services to apartment building owners. Big Blue Rental Corp.’s preliminary income statement for August 2010, and its August 31, 2010, preliminary balance sheet, did not reflect the following: a. Rental commissions of $1,000 had been earned in August but had not yet been received from or billed to building owners. b. When supplies are purchased, their cost is recorded as an asset. As supplies are used, a record of those used is kept. The record sheet shows that $720 of supplies were used in August. c. Interest on the note payable is to be paid on May 31 and November 30. Interest for August has not been accrued—that is, it has not yet been recorded. (The Interest Payable of $160 on the balance sheet is the amount of the accrued liability at July 31.) The interest rate on this note is 10%. d. Wages of $520 for the last week of August have not been recorded. e. The Rent Expense of $2,040 represents rent for August, September, and October, which was paid early in August. f. Interest of $560 has been earned on notes receivable but has not yet been received. g. Late in August, the board of directors met and declared a cash dividend of$5,600, payable September 10. Once declared, the dividend is a liability of the corporation until it is paid. BIG BLUE RENTAL CORP. BIG BLUE RENTAL CORP. Income Statement Income Statement August 2010 August 2010 Adjustments/Corrections Adjustments/Corrections Adjustments/Corrections Preliminary Debit Credit Final Commissions revenue $ 18,000 $ $ $ Interest revenue 3,400 ________ ________ ________ Total revenue $ 21,400 $________ $________ $________ Rent expense. $ 2,040 $ $ $ Wages expense 4,760 Supplies expense. — Interest expense. — ________ ________ ________ Total expenses $ 6,800 $________ $________ $________ Net income $ 14,600 $________ $________ $________ BIG BLUE RENTAL CORP. BIG BLUE RENTAL CORP. BIG BLUE RENTAL CORP. Balance Sheet Balance Sheet August 31, 2010 August 31, 2010 Adjustments/Corrections Adjustments/Corrections Preliminary Debit Credit Final Assets Cash $ 1,600 $ $ $ Notes receivable 52,000 Commissions receivable ________ Interest receivable ________ Prepaid rent. ________ Supplies 2,600 Total assets $ 56,200 $________ $________ $________ Liabilities and Owners’ Equity Accounts payable $ 480 $ $ $ Notes payable 9,600 Interest payable 160 Wages payable ________ Dividends payable ________ ________ ________ ________ Total liabilities $ 10,240 $________ $________ $________ Paid-in capital $ 9,600 $________ $________ $________ Retained earnings: Balance, August 1 $ 21,760 $ $ $ Net income 14,600 Dividends. ________ ________ ________ ________ Balance, August 31 $ 36,360 $________ $________ $________ Total owners’ equity $ 45,960 $________ $________ $________ Total liabilities and owners’ equity $ 56,200 $________ $________ $________ Required: a. Using the columns provided on the income statement and balance sheet for Big Blue Rental Corp., make the appropriate adjustments/corrections tithe statements, and enter the correct amount in the Final column. Key your adjustments/corrections with the letter of the item in the preceding list. Captions/account names that you will have to use are on the statements. b. Consider the entries that you have recorded in your answer to part a. Using these items as examples, explain why adjusting entries normally have an effect on both the balance sheet and the income statement. c. Explain why the Cash account on the balance sheet is not usually affected by adjustments. In your answer, identify the types of activities and/or events that normally cause the need for adjustments to be recorded. Give at least one example of an adjustment (other than those provided in the problem data).