In ants, males develop from unfertilized eggs and are haploid.


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In ants, males develop from unfertilized eggs and are haploid. Females develop from fertilized eggs and are diploid. Long antennae (A) are dominant over short antennae (a), and the ability to produce venomous formic acid stings (F) is dominant over non-venomous stings (f). If a doubly heterozygous queen with long antennae and venomous stinging capability founds a new hive after being fertilized by a long antennaed and non-venomous male, What phenotypes will be seen in the new colony, and what will be their relative frequency? If female offspring of the queen mate with male offspring of the queen and then found new hives, what proportion of the new hives will contain some short antennaed, venomous males?

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