2 QUESTION 1 90 marks The newly appointed financial accountant of Oxygen Ltd, a large listed conglom


Question Description:

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2 QUESTION 1 90 marks The newly appointed financial accountant of Oxygen Ltd, a large listed conglomerate company, has requested your assistance in the following matters in respect of the financial year ended 31 December 2003 of the Oxygen Ltd group: Zeta Ltd Zeta Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary of Oxygen Ltd, is a retailer with a number of local and international branches. The company’s expansion into Australia has had limited success and all the branches in Australia are to be closed down. Because of the high cancellation penalties of property lease agreements, Zeta Ltd has decided to continue operating in Australia until 30 June 2004, at which time all lease agreements will have come to an end, and those branches will be closed. The public announcement of the closures was made on 30 December 2003. The management of Zeta Ltd has prepared the following schedule of estimated losses in respect of the Australia branches for the period January to June 2004: R’000 Operating loss (4 500) Lease rentals on properties (7 500) Retrenchment packages for staff members (2 000) Retraining costs for staff members transferred to other Oxygen Ltd group operations (3 000) Expected loss on disposal of shop fittings (4 000) Total expected loss (21 000) These amounts were estimated in Australian dollars and converted into rand at the year-end spot rate. Beta Ltd Beta Ltd is a financial services company. Oxygen Ltd acquired a strategic 35% holding in Beta Ltd in 1995. Oxygen Ltd also has a separate financial services division, which has entered into numerous material transactions with Beta Ltd since 1995. Oxygen Ltd had the right to nominate two of the seven directors that served on the board of Beta Ltd. In November 2002 it was discovered that the chief executive officer and chief financial officer of Beta Ltd had defrauded Beta Ltd. The two were dismissed immediately. The fraud was so extensive that it caused a serious liquidity crisis for Beta Ltd and the company was considering going into liquidation. At the request of the remaining directors of Beta Ltd, Oxygen Ltd made a proposal to acquire the remaining shares in the company. The shareholders of both companies ratified the agreement with immediate effect on 30 December 2002 and also agreed that Oxygen Ltd would take full management control of Beta Ltd on this date. As required by law, the agreement contained a suspensive condition, namely that validation would be dependent on ratification by the Financial Services Board and the Competition Commission. Oxygen Ltd was of the opinion that although the take-over would make Oxygen Ltd the dominant financial services group in South Africa, these ratifications would be a mere formality and would be completed in a few months. Oxygen Ltd believed it had met the conditions for acquisition of control of Beta Ltd on 30 December 2002 and fully consolidated Beta Ltd from this date onwards. On 31 October 2003 the Financial Services Board and Competition Commission ruled that Oxygen Ltd could take over Beta Ltd, except for two divisions of Beta Ltd. For competitive purposes these divisions had to be sold to an unrelated party. To date no successful bidder for the two divisions has been found. Oxygen Ltd has therefore petitioned the Financial Services Board and Competition Commission to allow for the two divisions to be acquired by Oxygen Ltd as per the original 3 agreement. The directors of Oxygen Ltd consider that their petition will be successful in view of the potential loss of value that any further delays will have for the shareholders of Beta Ltd. The directors are also of the opinion that they should continue to consolidate Beta Ltd (including the two divisions mentioned previously) into the consolidated annual financial statements of Oxygen Ltd for the year ended 31 December 2003. Gamma Inc. Gamma Inc., a US registered subsidiary of Oxygen Ltd, was acquired on 2 January 2003. Oxygen Ltd acquired all the issued shares of Gamma Inc. unconditionally on this date. The previous two shareholders of Gamma Inc. remained as directors and still manage the company. In order to act as an incentive to the vendors of Gamma Inc., it was agreed that the purchase consideration would be settled by the issue of 420 000 shares of Oxygen Ltd and an option to subscribe for an additional 40 000 shares on 2 January 2005. The vendors negotiated that the 420 000 shares would be issued at R40 per share, which was at a discount to their trading price on 2 January 2003 of R43 per share. The option to subscribe for an additional 40 000 shares on 2 January 2005 stipulated that the exercise price on this date would also be R40 per share. On 2 January 2003 an independent expert valued the option at R215 000. Using the same basis of calculation at year end, the option only had a value of R60 000 because of a drop in the share price of Oxygen Ltd. As a further incentive to the vendors of Gamma Inc., the purchase agreement provided that the two previous shareholders of Gamma Inc. would be granted an extra bonus of US $80 000 each, payable after two years, to continue acting as directors of the company for two years. A director will forfeit this bonus if he resigns before the completion of the two-year service period. Oxygen Ltd considered the plant and equipment of Gamma Inc. to be undervalued by US $200 000 on the date of acquisition. On that date this plant and equipment had a remaining useful life of five years and no residual value. In the country in which it operates, Gamma Inc. is subject to a normal tax rate of 25%. Oxygen Ltd decided that all surplus funds in Gamma Inc. should be stripped out of the company. This was effected via an interest free loan to the holding company on 2 January 2003. The loan is rand denominated and repayable on 31 December 2004. Gamma Inc. is carrying the loan to Oxygen Ltd at the original amount of the proceeds paid. The accountant of Gamma Inc. has indicated that no foreign exchange differences have been calculated, as this loan needs to be eliminated on consolidation. The trial balances of Gamma Inc. as at 2 January and 31 December 2003 and exchange rates are presented below. Oxygen Ltd has classified Gamma Inc. as a foreign entity. 4 GAMMA INC. TRIAL BALANCES AS AT 2 January 2003 31 December 2003 US $’000 US $’000 Plant and equipment 1 100 900 Loan to holding company – 450 Other monetary net assets 600 600 Share capital (50) (50) Retained earnings at 1 January 2003 (1 650) (1 650) Revenue (1 800) Expenses 1 200 Tax 150 Dividend paid 31 December 2003 200 Nil Nil Exchange rates: 2 January 2003 31 December 2003 Average for 2003 US $1,00 = R8,50 US $1,00 = R7,10 US $1,00 = R7,50 The Oxygen Ltd group has adopted the following accounting policies with regard to foreign entities: • Goodwill and fair value adjustments are denominated in the measurement currency of the subsidiary and are translated at the closing exchange rate, and • Goodwill, if any, is amortised over a period of ten years. Alpha Ltd Alpha Ltd is a property company that develops properties for sale and also constructs office parks that are leased out on long-term leases. Oxygen Ltd acquired a 25% shareholding in Alpha Ltd on 2 January 1999. At that date the carrying value of Alpha Ltd’s net assets amounted to R10 million, which was considered to be its fair value. Alpha Ltd acquired its 25% holding for R2 million. At that date Alpha Ltd was not expected to incur future losses, and the non-monetary assets of the company amounted to R12 million with an expected remaining useful life of ten years. By March 2003 Alpha Ltd was experiencing difficulties, primarily as a result of poor management of the Alpha Ltd construction projects. At a special shareholders’ meeting held on 31 March 2003, a resolution was passed that Alpha Ltd would issue 2 750 000 shares to Oxygen Ltd for cash on 2 April 2003 to allow Oxygen Ltd to increase its holding to 80%. The issue price of the shares would be R15 per share. This would inject sufficient cash to restore the company to profitability, while Oxygen Ltd would utilise the assessed loss of the company in the foreseeable future. The balance sheet of Alpha Ltd and relevant notes that were presented to shareholders at the meeting are set out below: 5 ALPHA LTD BALANCE SHEET AS AT 31 MARCH 2003 Notes R’000 ASSETS Plant and equipment 1 15 000 Investment properties 26 000 Construction work in progress 2 4 000 Accounts receivable 5 000 50 000 EQUITY AND LIABILITIES Share capital (R1 shares) 1 000 Retained income 9 500 Shareholders’ funds 10 500 Long-term liabilities 23 000 Accounts payable 5 500 Provisions 4 000 Overdraft facilities 7 000 50 000 Notes to balance sheet 1 Plant and equipment Plant and equipment are stated at the carrying value at the company’s last year end, namely 31 December 2002. The fair value of plant and equipment is considered to be R20 million. 2 Construction work in progress Construction work in progress represents work that has been carried out on property developments that have not yet been sold. The directors of Alpha Ltd consider the fair value of these developments to be R4,5 million at their current stage of completion, although they would probably only realise R2 million in a forced sale. 3 Deferred tax The deferred tax balance can be analysed as follows: R’000 Capital allowances on plant and equipment 1 500 Debtors’ allowance on construction debtors (300) Provision for future construction (600) Assessed loss (1 620) Net deferred tax asset (1 780) Asset not recognised 1 780 Carrying value in balance sheet Nil REQUIRED Draft a letter to the accountant of Oxygen Ltd, in which you deal with the following issues: (a) Discuss, with reasons, whether each of the components of the total expected loss of Zeta Ltd’s Australian branches for the period of January to June 2004 should be recognised in the consolidated annual financial statements of Oxygen Ltd for the year ended 31 December 2003. You are not required to discuss any disclosure and presentation requirements. (16) (b) Discuss, with reasons, the appropriate date of acquisition of Beta Ltd in the consolidated annual financial statements of Oxygen Ltd for the year ended 31 December 2003. (15) 6 (c) Calculate, with supporting reasons, Oxygen Ltd’s cost of acquisition of Gamma Inc. at 31 December 2003. In your answer you should consider the possible impact of the bonus payable to the directors. (9) (d) Prepare the translated trial balance of Gamma Inc. and the pro forma consolidation journal entries required to consolidate the results and financial position of Gamma Inc. in the group annual financial statements of Oxygen Ltd for the year ended 31 December 2003. (22) (e) Prepare the relevant extracts from the consolidated cash flow statement and the notes thereto of the Oxygen Ltd group for the year ended 31 December 2003 to reflect the acquisition of shares in Alpha Ltd on 2 April 2003. (28)

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