1. By studying the first three paragraphs, summarize both Mitford’s reason for explaining the embalming process and her attitude toward undertakers who wish to keep their patrons uninformed about this procedure. 2. Identify this process as either directional or informative. 3. Does Mitford use enough specific details to help you visualize each step as it occurs? Point out examples of details that create vivid descriptions by appealing to your sense of sight, smell, or touch. 4. How does the technique of using the hypothetical “Mr. Jones” make the explanation 220 PART TWO – PURPOSES, MODES, AND STRATEGIES 5. What is Mitford’s general attitude toward this procedure? The overall tone of the essay? Study Mitford’s choice of words and then identify the tone in each of the following passages: “The next step is to have at Mr. Jones with a thing called a trocar.” (10)* “The embalmer, having allowed an appropriate interval to elapse, returns to the attack. . . .” (12) “Friends will say, ‘How well he looks.’” (15) “On the other hand, we are cautioned, placing the body too low ‘creates the impression that the body is in a box.’” (17) “Here he will hold open house for a few days, visiting hours 10 A.M. to 9 P.M.” (18) What other words and passages reveal Mitford’s attitude and tone? 7. What does Mitford gain by quoting euphemisms used by the funeral business, such as “dermasurgeon,” “Repose Block,” and “slumber room”? What are the connotations of the words “poked,” “jabbed,” and “left unmolested” in paragraph 10? What effect is Mitford trying to produce with the series of questions (such as “Head off?”) in paragraph 12? 8. Does this process flow smoothly from step to step? Identify several transition devices connecting the paragraphs.